Basic Guide to Essay Writing for CSS/PMS/IAS

this video will explain you in brief about how to write an essay for CSS examination an essay can have many purposes but the basic structure is the same no matter what you may be writing an essay to argue for a particular point of view or to explain the steps necessary to complete a task either way your essay will have the same basic format if you follow a few simple steps you will find that the essay almost writes itself you will be responsible only for supplying ideas which are the important part of the essay anyway don’t let the thought of putting pen to paper don’t you get started these simple steps will guide you through the essay writing process decide on your topic prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas write your thesis statement write the body write the main points write the sub points elaborate on the sub points write the introduction write the conclusion add the finishing touches you may have no choice as to your topic if this is the case you still may not be ready to jump to the next step think about the type of paper you are expected to produce should it be a general overview or a specific analysis of the topic if it should be an overview then you are probably ready to move to the next step if it should be a specific analysis make sure your topic is fairly specific if it is too general you must choose a narrow or sub topic to discuss for example the topic Kenya is a general one if your objective is to write an overview this topic is suitable if your objective is to write a specific analysis this topic is to general you must narrow it to something like politics in Kenya or Kenya’s culture once you have determined that your topic will be suitable you can move on the purpose of an outline or diagram is to put your ideas about the topic on paper in moderately organized format the structure you create here may still change before the essay is complete so don’t agonize over this decide whether you prefer the cut-and-dried structure of an outline or a more flowing structure if you start one or the other and decided isn’t working for you you can always switch later begin your outline by writing your topic at the top of the page next write the Roman numerals 1 2 & 3 spread apart down the left side of the page next to each Roman numeral write the main ideas that you have about your topic or the main points that you want to make if you are trying to persuade you want to write your best arguments if you are trying to explain a process you want to write the steps that should be followed you will probably need to group these into categories if you have trouble grouping the steps into categories try using beginning middle and end if you are trying to inform you want to write the major categories into which your information can be divided under each Roman numeral write a B and C down the left side of the page next to each letter write the facts or information that support that main idea when you have finished you have the basic structure for your essay and are ready to continue now that you have decided at least tentatively what information you plan to present in your essay you are ready to write your thesis statement the thesis statement tells the reader what the essay will be about and what point you the author will be making you know what the essay will be about that was your topic now you must look at your outline or diagram and decide what point you will be making what do the main ideas and supporting ideas that you listed say about your topic your thesis statement will have two parts first part states the topic Kenya’s culture building a model train set public transportation the second part states the point of the essay has a rich and varied history takes time and patience can solve some of our city’s most persistent and pressing problems once you have formulated a thesis statement that fits this pattern and with which you are comfortable you are ready to continue in the body of the essay all the preparation up to this point comes to fruition the topic you have chosen must now be explained described or argued each main idea that you wrote down in your diagram or outline will become one of the body paragraphs if you had three or four main ideas you will have three or four body paragraphs each body paragraph will have the same basic structure start by writing down one of your main ideas in sentence form next write down each of your supporting points for that main idea but leave four or five lines in between each point in the space under each point write down some elaboration for that point elaboration can be further description or explanation or discussion once you have fleshed out each of your body paragraphs one for each main point you are ready to continue if your main idea is reduces freeway congestion you might say this public transportation reduces freeway congestion supporting point commuters appreciate the cost savings of taking public transportation rather than driving elaboration less driving time means less maintenance expense such as oil changes of course less driving time mean savings on gasoline as well in many cases these savings amount to more than the cost of writing public transportation your essay lacks only two paragraphs now the introduction and the conclusion these paragraphs will give the reader of point of entry to end a point of eggs from your essay the introduction should be designed to attract the reader’s attention and give her an idea of the essays focus begin with an attention-grabber the attention grabber you use is up to you but here are some ideas startling information this information must be true and verifiable and it doesn’t need to be totally new to your readers it could simply be a pertinent fact that explicitly illustrates the point you wish to make if you use a piece of startling information follow it with a sentence or two of elaboration anecdote an anecdote is a story that illustrates a point be sure your anecdote is short to the point and relevant to your topic this can be a very effective opener for your essay but use it carefully dialogue an appropriate dialogue does not have to identify the speakers but the reader must understand the point you are trying to convey use only two or three exchanges between speakers to make your point follow dialogue with a sentence or two of elaboration summary information a few sentences explaining your topic in general terms can leave the reader gently to your thesis each sentence should become gradually more specific until you reach your thesis if the attention grabber was only a sentence or two add one or two more sentences that will lead the reader from your opening to your thesis statement finish the paragraph with your thesis statement the conclusion brings closure to the reader summing up your points or providing a final perspective on your topic all the conclusion needs us three or four strong sentences which do not need to follow any set formula simply review the main points being careful not to restate them exactly or briefly describe your feelings about the topic even an anecdote can end your essay in a useful way the introduction and conclusion complete the paragraphs of your essay don’t stop just yet one more step remains before your essay is truly finished you have now completed all of the paragraphs of your essay before you can consider this a finished product however you must give some thought to the formatting of your paper check the order of your paragraphs check the instructions for the assignment check your writing once you have checked your work and perfected your formatting your essay is finished congratulations you